Graphic designed image that reads Happy Pride from everyone at the shona project. Terms of sexuality and gender

June is Pride Month and here at Shona we always celebrate the beauty of diversity and the power of love in all its forms, and even more so this month. There may be some labels or terms related to sexuality and gender that you’ll see this month that you’re not aware of, so we’ve included a guide to some of them

Understanding Labels and Terminology

We’re generally not into labels because everyone is different and unique. We shouldn’t need to find a box that we fit neatly inside so that everyone knows and understands us. As a society we’re changing rapidly, trying to find new ways to respect and protect each other. And that’s a good thing.

When it comes to sexuality and gender identity, there are lots of different terms and definitions, which can change all the time. The key is to allow people to tell you in their own time how they identify and to respect that. Labels are completely personal, and can be different from one queer/LGBTQ+ person to the next. You can chose whichever label(s) resonates best with you, or chose no label at all. No judgement should ever be placed on a person’s label, and they shouldn’t ever be compared in terms of their value. People are people and love is love, and to be honest, it’s really nobody else’s business.

LGBTQ+ Terms and Definitions

Whether you are a member of the LGBTQ+ community, or whether you want to be an ally to that community, here is a helpful list of terms of sexuality and gender, and their explanations:

Ally – a cis and straight friend of the LGBTQAI+ community who believes in the social and legal equality of all people.

Asexual – a person who isn’t interested in sexual relationships or does not feel sexual attraction. Also known as Aces.

Bisexual – a person who is attracted to more than one gender.

Cisgender –a person who is not trans, having been assigned the correct gender at birth. For example, someone who is assigned male at birth and also identifies as a man, or someone who is assigned female at birth and identifies as a woman.

Demisexual – A person who feels sexual attraction only to people with whom they have an emotional bond.

Gay – this word is often used to describe all same-sex attraction but it usually refers to men who are attracted to men.

Gender identity –your own sense of being a male, female or non-binary.

Heterosexual/straight –a person who is attracted to people of the opposite gender.

Intersex – a person who is born with ambiguous sexual organs that match neither that of a man or woman completely.

Lesbian – a woman who is attracted to other women.

Non-binary –an umbrella term for gender identities that fall outside male and female.

Pansexual – a person who is attracted to another person regardless of gender or sexual preference.

Pronouns –the words we use to describe people’s identity: she/her, he/him or they/them. If you’re not sure, use their first name or they/them until you figure it out.

Queer –a broad term that is often used as an umbrella term for the LGBT+ community and can refer to sexuality or gender identity. This word can be used as a negative slur but has recently been reclaimed to represent all things queer.

Questioning – a person who is still figuring out who they are. Nobody should ever be rushed when it comes to how they identify.

Sexuality – who you are attracted to.

Transgender/trans – this abbreviation is used for all sorts of people whose identity, or a general sense of self, does not conform with what is typically associated with the sexual organs they were born with. Some trans people take medical steps to align their body with their gender, and some don’t. It is not okay to ask anybody personal questions about their bodies.

Gay Pride Rainbow GIF by LGBTQ Youth. Terms of Sexuality and Gender

Celebrating Pride in Ireland

The LGBT+ community is beautiful, vibrant and inclusive, and it is celebrated each year during Pride. Pride is held in most large cities and towns in Ireland and across the world.

www.discoverireland.ie has an article listing all the pride events around Ireland so you can find one near you!

The most important thing is to treat everyone with the love and respect they deserve and remember that everyone should feel safe and supported in being their whole selves.

We’ve also had some pretty great Pride stories shared with us from our Ambassadors and community members, so definitely have a read of them too. 

Need some support?

BELONGTO: Support for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender individuals in Ireland.

ShoutOut.ie: A great organisation providing support and advice to the LGBT+ community.

TENI: Supports and seeks to improve the conditions, rights and equality of trans people and their families in Ireland.

Supported By

Our Pro bono Partners